Annotated Bibliography 2


When Ms. Rose first introduced us to the AIDS quilt I had no idea which direction to take this project in. Block 4121 immediately caught my eye; the amount of details, colors and organization of it showed that a lot of attention and love had been put into making these quilts. I will be working with the panels of Ray Underwood and Billy De’Acutis who’s panels target their immense love for the performing arts. Beyond the colors and details what really drew me into these specific panels, was how similar in style the paintings on the panels were. From the very start I suspected there might be a connection so through my research I will discover the connection between both individuals as well as, how the AIDS epidemic affected the Performing arts community.

Beginning my research, I could not help but ask myself, why are these panels so alike? What is the connection? How did the government react? Did having AIDS effect their careers as actors? Which lead me to my focus for my research, how did the AIDS epidemic effect the performing arts community? My research is still incomplete but what I have so far has shown me how large the performing art was during the 1970-80’s. My annotated bibliographies below will lend insight into the direction I am heading so far. As I move further into my research I hope to find loads of concrete sources to accurately answer my questions.


“The AIDS Memorial Quilt.” The NAMES Project Foundation.

There is no cited author for this source, but it is a foundation for a cause. gives information about the AIDS quilt and the NAMES project foundation. This source hopes to spread awareness to AIDS and emphasizes the need for a cure. The intended audience is people who have been affected, know someone affected or are doing research on the AIDS virus. This information can be useful to families who have lost a loved one to AIDS, doing research toward AIDS or looking at initiative people are taking to help better this world.

The AIDS quilt was a necessary tool in my research. I used this source to give my Primary Source Description background. gives loads of information on the significance of the quilts, the reason the quilts were created and what the quilts are.


Dickinson, Emily. To Fight Aloud Is Very Brave.” Poetry Foundation,

Emily Dickinson is a well-recognized American poet who wrote the poem” To Fight Aloud Is Very Brave.” Dickinson’s poem encourages the reader to be humble and not to seek intention, that we should live the way angels live quiet and peaceful. Emily Dickinson created this piece to deliver a message and to encourage people to stay humble and that we do not need to live in the spotlight. This poem can act as a motivation to individuals who need to find peace, it is also for those who enjoy poetry or want to understand Emily Dickinson. “To Fight Aloud Is Very Brave” is a reliable source for those who are interested in literature or the meaning of various poems.

On Underwood’s panel there is an excerpt from a poem by Emily Dickinson. Upon further research I found it came from “To Fight Aloud Is Very Brave.” The source was important in finding out why this poem was on Ray Underwood’s panel and how it related to Ray as an individual.

Bottom left corner of panel. Includes many images and messages from Ray’s loved ones.

Geiling, Natasha. “The Confusing and At-Times Counterproductive 1980s Response to the AIDS Epidemic.” 12/04/2013.

Natasha Geiling is an online reporter for Smithsonian Magazine who has made several articles about an enormous range of subjects from geography to food. This article gives background information on the AIDS epidemic starting in the 1980s, she offers readers many links to additional information, as well as, images from during the AIDS epidemic. Geiling hopes to bring awareness to how AIDS was being handled during the 1980’s and show the effect it had on our society. This article was geared to individuals focused or curious on how public organizations handled HIV and AIDS. Researchers for HIV and AIDS will find this site interesting and find those links useful.

When searching for the public’s response to the AIDS epidemic this was something that popped up. I was glad I found this, this article itself was not that useful. However, the link lead to finding a digital gallery that will be very useful in my research.

Lopez, German. The Reagan administration’s unbelievable response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic”. 1 December 2016. is a website that provides news on politics, pop culture, food, sports and more to the public. Vox uses videos, pictures, interviews and audio recordings to provide information, making this cite multimodal and user friendly. This source exposed the attitude the government had towards the AIDS epidemic and the steps they took to address it. Although, this information is available to anyone with internet access it is geared more to people interested in politics or the AIDS epidemic. For that very reason individuals looking for the steps and approach the government took towards ending AIDS will find this article useful.

One of the main questions for my research was how the government reacted to the AIDS epidemic and this source answered that very question. The documentary short and the transcription of an actual conversation between the former press secretary and a journalist proved very helpful. However, the website is not very credible and is like Buzzfeed.

McCarthy, Kevin F. “The Performing Arts in a New Era.” Rand Corporation, 2001.

Kevin F. McCarthy is a senior social scientist at RAND Corp, who has conducted research on numerous domestic policy issues with a focus on immigration, demographic trends and migration patterns in America. McCarthy uses studies, data on the performing arts and the forms of Performing arts available to the public. This source was commissioned by The Pew Charitable Trusts to aid in influencing government policy makers in favor of the performing arts in the united states. “The performing Arts in a New Era” was intended for policy makers at the national, local and state levels. However, I feel this source can be beneficial to individuals interested in seeing trends in the performing arts, different community’s involvements in the performing arts and the potential future for the performing arts.

Both Billy De’Acutis and Ray Underwood participated in the performing arts and even attended The Juilliard School (a performing arts school in New York). I hoped this source would be beneficial in developing my understanding of the condition the performing arts community was in during the 1970-80s. However, McCarthy’s work was more helpful in providing definitions, categorizing the different forms of art and explaining the different challenges the performing arts community faced including poor funding and lack of participation.


National Research Council. 1993. “The Social Impact of AIDS in the United States”. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press

The National research council is an organization of around 3,700 scientist, engineers and health professionals who conduct studies and workshops in activities involving behavior, education, health and more. The Council’s information comes from case studies conducted in New York City. ” The Social Impact of AIDS in the United States” was written with the purpose of informing readers of the impact of AIDS and the impact AIDS will have on our society moving forward. The main audience would be policy makers as this source hopes to help improve government decision making towards AIDS. This text will be particularly interesting to individuals concerned and curious about the impact AIDS has on our country.

The National Research Council intended to focus their study of AIDS in three states but due to lack of financial resources decided to focus on New York. I thought this was perfect for my research since New York was hit hard by the AIDS epidemic and was also a hub of creativity and performing arts. This source is very informative and gives specific data and statistics on the influence AIDS has on communities.

Oppenheim-Beggs, Sarah. “# 35 The Art Song, Continued…” .

Sarah Oppenheim-Beggs runs a website that focuses on songs and musical performances. This source contained the lyrics to a poem written by the late Ray Underwood. Beggs uses this website to promote her recitals as well as to show that “poetry or lyrics evokes imagery or feelings.” The intended audience is musicians looking for recital music. This can also benefit scholars who want to learn more about a certain poet or composer as this website hosts several different pieces.

Through a letter written by Rilla Underwood I learned Ray was a songwriter, which intrigued me. To find a song written by Ray Underwood was an unexpected challenge. Finding this source was a breakthrough, this demonstrated a side of Ray not fully shown on the quilt. This source showed a song composed by Ricky Ian Gordon and written by Ray Underwood.

Peggy Reynolds, L. Duncan Saunders, Michael E. Layefsky, George F. Lemp; “The Spectrum of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)-associated Malignancies in San Francisco, 1980–1987”, American Journal of Epidemiology, Volume 137, Issue 1, 1 January 1993, Pages 19–30,

There were several authors for this article. The texts provide a series of statistics from studies on the connection between AIDS and types of cancer. The purpose for this article was to inform readers the likelihood of individuals with AIDS to contract cancer. Intended audience is anyone studying AIDS and the unfortunate consequences that come along with it. This is also beneficial to people who are looking into the affect AIDS has on victim’s immune system.

When first finding this source, I thought it would be very useful to me. However, this takes me completely off topic and does not discuss communities, but the link between AIDS and cancer. On the other hand, it was good to show how dangerous of a disease AIDS is and reminds me how foolish and unaware our society was in the 70s and 80s.

“Surviving and thriving: AIDS, politics and Culture.” National Library of Medicine. 12 /16 /2013.

For this site there is no Known author, however, the website is for the U.S National Library of Medicine. This cite is a digital gallery of images created during the AIDS epidemic as forms of activism. The creators of the art hoped to spread a message of unity in confronting AIDS, they hoped to change people’s views on AIDS and gain support for their movement. These messages were originally geared towards people in urban areas, hoping to deliver their message visually. Activists, artist and peace advocates would find these pieces interesting and hopefully gain ideas from it.

For my research I was hoping to find actual works/posters/art from the AIDS epidemic to include in my final analysis. The gallery is a thorough source and includes many images. I look forward to exploring some of these images and seeing if any of them tie into my original panels.

Underwood, Ray. “All that Hums: Poetry and Lyrics of Ray Underwood, Volume 1.” California: Somewings; 1st edition, 1995.

Ray Underwood was a poet, songwriter and actor, he graduated from The Julliard School and has appeared in multiple TV shows including “Cheers”.  “All That Hums” is a collection of Underwood’s poems featuring illustrations from his mother, Rilla Underwood.  The purpose of this source is to entertain readers with poetry, as well as, to expose the public to Ray Underwood’s work. Ray Underwood wrote poems to express his feeling, his poems were geared to lovers of poetry and literature. Anyone interested in literature, artists and those interested in learning of individuals who lost their lives to AIDS will find this information useful.

Ray Underwood’s panel was adorned with poems and many were created by Ray Himself. This made me wonder if he had a book full of his poems published. I was pleasantly surprised to find “All That Hums” a book published by his mother after his death.