Annotated Bibliography 1


When Ms. Rose first introduced us to the AIDS quilt I had no idea which direction to take this project in. When I found Block 4121 it immediately caught my eye by the large variety of colors and details. Ray Underwood’s panel caught my eyes the most. The details, colors and organization of it showed a lot of attention and love had been put into making this quilt. Upon starting my Investigating  into Ray Underwood’s quilt i had a few initial questions. Why was Underwood’s panel so similar to the panel next to it? What is the relation? Who is Ray Underwood? What’s up with all the poetry on this panel? Who created this panel?

Early on I learn Ray Underwood is a poet. But what else? I also learned Rilla Underwood, Ray’s mother created his panel. The majority of the poetry was created by Underwood. But I was stilled bugged about how similar the styles of both panels were. Through research on several different website I found out Ray Underwood was also a actor and songwriter. Throughout my research I kept coming back to the same question however. What else can I learn about Ray Underwood?


“The AIDS Memorial Quilt.” The NAMES Project Foundation.

There is no cited author for this source but it is a foundation for a cause. gives information about the AIDS quilt and the NAMES project foundation. This source hopes to spread awareness to AIDS and emphasizes the need for a cure. The intended audience is people who have been affected, know someone affected or are doing research on the AIDS virus. This information can be useful to families who have lost a loved one to AIDS, doing research toward AIDS or looking at initiative people are taking to help better this world.

The AIDS quilt was a necessary tool in my research. I used this source to give my Primary Source Description background. gives loads of information on the significance of the quilts, the reason the quilts were created and what the quilts are.


“All That Hums.” Google Books.

Google Books provided background for “All That Hums” a book full of poems and lyrics written by Ray Underwood. Google books spoke of Ray as a artist using his background in poetry and his affect on others to portray his importance. The purpose of this source is to inform readers of the talented artist Ray Underwood was. The intended audience is individuals who have a interest or love for art. Anyone interested in literature, artists and those interested in learning of individuals who lost there lives to AIDS will find this information useful.

Ray Underwood’s panel was adorned with poems and many were created by Ray Himself. This made me wonder if he had a book full of his poems published. I was pleasantly surprised to find “All That Hums” a book published by his mother after his death.


Dickinson, Emily. “To Fight Aloud Is Very Brave.” Poetry Foundation,

Emily Dickinson is an well recognized American poet who wrote the poem ” To Fight Aloud Is Very Brave.” Dickinson’s poem encourages the reader to be humble and not to seek intention, that we should live the way angels live quite and peaceful. Emily Dickinson created this piece to deliver a message and to encourage people to stay humble and that we don’t need to live in the spotlight. This poem can act as a motivation to individuals who need to find peace, it is also for those who enjoy poetry or want to understand Emily Dickinson. “To Fight Aloud Is Very Brave” is a great source for those who are interested in literature or the meaning of various poems.

On my panel there is an excerpt from a poem by Emily Dickinson. Upon further research I found it came from “To Fight Aloud Is Very Brave.” The source was important in finding out why this poem was on Ray Underwood’s panel and how it related to Ray as a individual.

Bottom left corner of panel. Includes many images and messages from Ray’s loved ones.


“Material and Non Material.”

The author for this source was not listed but it offers lots of information and examples. This source gives definitions on material culture and non material culture. The purpose of this text is to inform readers what material culture and non material culture is and how it is used in society. is a website widely used by students, so this would be useful to students doing research related to material culture. Students in my English class as well as other individuals doing research on material culture can find this source beneficial.

The AIDS memorial quilts are a form of material culture given that it is a primary resource that can be used to define a culture. I used this source as a definition of Material culture.  This source helped me give readers a secure definition of material culture so they could get a better understanding of my research.


Oppenheim-Beggs, Sarah. “# 35 The Art Song, Continued…”

Sarah Oppenheim-Beggs runs a website that focuses on songs and musical performances. This source contained the lyrics to a poem written by the late Ray Underwood. Beggs uses this website to promote her recitals as well as to show that “poetry or lyrics evokes imagery or feelings.” The intended audience is musicians looking for recital music. This can also benefit scholars who want to learn more about a certain poet or composer as this website hosts several different pieces.

Through a letter written by Rilla Underwood I learned Ray was a songwriter, which intrigued me. To find a song written by Ray Underwood was an unexpected challenge. Finding this source was a breakthrough, this demonstrated a side of Ray not fully shown on the quilt. This source showed a song composed by Ricky Ian Gordon and written by Ray Underwood.

Letter From Ray’s mother that came with his panel.




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